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Estate Planning in Ontario: Your Comprehensive Guide – Part 1

Welcome to our comprehensive blog series on wills and estates in Ontario. Estate planning and preparing a will are crucial aspects of preparing for the future, ensuring that your assets are distributed according to your wishes and minimizing potential complications for your loved ones. In this series, we will delve into the various aspects of estate planning in Ontario, providing you with valuable insights and information to make informed decisions.

In this inaugural blog post, we will lay the foundation by discussing the fundamental concepts that form the basis of estate planning. Let’s explore what happens when you pass away, whether testate or intestate, the importance of probate, considerations regarding deemed disposition on death and Estate Administration Taxes, and the potential challenges that may arise due to legislation and litigation.

Passing Away Testate vs. Intestate

Estate planning, the process of arranging your affairs while alive, begins with understanding the difference between passing away testate and intestate. When you pass away testate, it means you have left a valid will that outlines how your assets should be distributed among your beneficiaries. Conversely, dying intestate means you have not created a will, leaving the distribution of your estate to be determined by Ontario’s Succession Law Reform Act, potentially leading to unintended consequences. While the distribution scheme established in the Succession Law Reform Act may be adequate for relatively small estates, complications may arise, such as when having an estate trustee appointed, that may increase the costs incurred by an intestate estate.

Applying to the Court for a Certificate of Appointment

Obtaining a Certificate of Appointment, commonly referred to as probate, is a legal process that validates a will. The court issues a Certificate of Appointment of Estate Trustee with a Will, commonly known as a probate certificate. While some estates may not require probate, it is often necessary. In addition, not all assets within an estate will necessarily require probate. If the deceased held assets in their name alone, such as a house, or if assets were held with certain financial institutions, probate is often required. In addition to validating a will, obtaining a Certificate of Appointment provides legal protection and transparency in the administration of the estate. 

Deemed Disposition on Death and Estate Administration Taxes

Upon your passing, your assets are deemed to have been disposed of, potentially triggering capital gains tax. Understanding these tax implications is vital for effective estate planning. In addition to capital gains tax, Estate Administration Taxes, also known as probate fees, are levied on the total value of your estate when applying for probate. Proper planning can help minimize the impact of these taxes on your beneficiaries.

Legislative Considerations

An experienced lawyer can play a pivotal role in your estate planning, particularly when it comes to navigating the potential impact of legislation on the terms of your will. While testamentary freedom grants you the right to distribute your assets according to your preferences, it’s crucial to understand that specific legislation may supersede the provisions of your will. Notably, Ontario’s Family Law Act and Succession Law Reform Act can exert influence over your will’s provisions. Furthermore, provisions of the Family Law Act allow you to strategically craft your will to shield the assets, and income generated from those assets, inherited by your heirs from the ramifications of a marital or common-law separation. It’s of paramount importance to ensure that your estate plan takes into account the potential implications of relevant legislation, safeguarding your intentions and your loved ones’ future.

Potential Litigation

Estate litigation can emerge for a multitude of reasons, encompassing disputes related to outstanding debts or contestations regarding the legitimacy of the will. One recurring area of estate litigation involves constructive and resulting trusts, which often manifest when undocumented gifts were made by the deceased before their passing. These situations underscore the importance of vigilance in recognizing potential issues and proactively addressing them within your estate plan. By taking these precautionary measures, you can mitigate the likelihood of posthumous legal conflicts that may strain familial bonds and deplete valuable estate assets.

The Importance of Comprehensive Estate Planning

While having a will is a crucial component of estate planning, it is only one piece of the puzzle. With the risks of taxes, potential litigation, and legislation that can impact your estate, comprehensive estate planning should be your primary concern. A knowledgeable lawyer can assist you in crafting a well-rounded plan that aligns with your goals, protects your assets, and ensures a seamless transition for your loved ones.


In this introductory blog post, we’ve scratched the surface of estate planning in Ontario. As we continue this series, we will delve deeper into each of these topics, providing you with actionable insights and guidance to navigate the complexities of estate planning. Remember, a well-thought-out estate plan can safeguard your legacy and help take care of your loved ones, so stay tuned for more valuable information in our upcoming posts. If you have specific questions or need assistance with your estate planning needs, do not hesitate to reach out to the experienced team at Pavey Law.